Earwigs are usually found hiding under a stone or board that is lying on slightly damp soil, and they are easily recognized by their dangerous-looking pinchers. Although these structures can give a mild nip, they are weak and otherwise harmless; they are used for catching and manipulating prey and sometimes for fending off enemies.
Not all mosquitoes are important disease carriers, even though most suck the blood of man and other vertebrate animals. Only the female mosquito bites. They require standing or slow moving water in which to develop, and breed in fish ponds, unattended swimming pools, and rain puddles.
The brown recluse spider is well adapted to living indoors with humans. They are resilient enough to withstand winters in unheated basements and stifling summer temperatures in attics, persisting many months without food or water. The brown recluse hunts at night seeking insect prey, either alive or dead.
The black widow spider carries a poisonous venom that creates fever and illness in adults and can cause severe injury and even death to infants and small animals. It hides in water meters, attics, garages, basements, tool sheds, air conditioning units . . . pretty much anywhere it can be out of sight.
Boxelder bugs are a hazard to plant tissues and agriculture. During the cooler months they can sometimes invade homes and other communal structures.
The flea carries disease and causes itching from biting both animals and people. It feeds on the blood of dogs and cats, and uses animal eye fluids to quench its thirst. It can be found on animals, and in rugs, beds, and the fabric of furniture.
The carpet beetle thrives on various materials such as fur, woolens, leather, hair, and other organic matter. It lays eggs in 100% wool carpets, and in garments stored in closets and attics, where larvae can feed on materials for up to one year
Bed bugs are small, oval, non-flying insects which bite people. Bed bugs have flat bodies and may sometimes be mistaken for ticks or small cockroaches. Bed bugs feed by sucking blood from humans or animals. Bed Bugs are reddish brown in color, appearing more reddish after feeding on a blood meal. The wings of bed bugs are vestigial, so they cannot fly.
The bee pollinates fruit trees, flowers, and plants to make honey to feed the colony. Bees can create a hive or swam (sometimes as many as 50,000 bees) in a rafter, shed, tree, or bush. Bee stings can be deadly to infants, the elderly, and persons allergic to bee venom.
The house fly carries bacteria from decaying matter and feces. Its larvae (commonly called maggots) live off of dead animals, garbage, and decaying matter. Flies nest frequently in garbage cans, animal droppings, animal habitats, manure, and land fills. They will gravitate toward foods in the kitchen, baby bottles, diapers, and human hair and skin.
The cockroach eats food of any kind, and destroys fabrics, clothes, books, and rugs. It’s found in pantries, closets, basements, and any other dark, moist area with easy access to food. The cockroach usually comes out at night.
The ant feeds voraciously on sweets, grease, and food matter. Some species can strip all of a tree’s leaves in just one night. Over twenty species invade homes. They usually nest in the ground, but create pathways through foundations, wall openings, and cracks.